Exploring Penang’s Heritage: Unveiling its Rich Past and Exciting Activities

Penang hill
Credit: syamirofficial ⁣⁠@Instagram
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By Carina Tan

Penang, often referred to as the “Pearl of the Orient,” is a captivating Malaysian state that showcases a harmonious blend of history, culture, and modernity. This enchanting island has been recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2008, and rightfully so, as it boasts a plethora of historic sites, architectural wonders, and cultural gems. In this article, we’ll take you on a journey through some of the most notable places of heritage in Penang and suggest activities to immerse yourself in the island’s unique charm.

1. George Town – A Tapestry of History:

George Town
Credit: tian_qii@Instagram

No visit to Penang would be complete without exploring its capital city, George Town. Stepping into this bustling urban centre feels like stepping back in time. The entire city is a living museum, adorned with well-preserved colonial buildings, shophouses, and colourful street art. Take a leisurely stroll through the narrow streets of George Town and admire the various architectural styles influenced by Chinese, Indian, and European cultures.

George Town Heritage
Credit: _mindonphotos_@Instagram


  • Street Art Hunt: Embark on a thrilling adventure to discover George Town’s famous street art. Murals and wrought iron caricatures are scattered throughout the city, each telling its unique story. There is even a walking map if you choose to embark on your very own street art hunt.
  • Heritage Walking Tour: Join a guided heritage walking tour to gain deeper insights into the city’s history and hidden gems. Experience the bustling morning markets, the rich culture of religious sites and even old buildings turned into museums. You may just stumble on places you would have never have found on your own!

2. Penang Hill – A Panoramic Escape:

Penang Hill
Credit: syamirofficial @Instagram

Escape the heat and ascend Penang Hill, a colonial-era hill station. The journey up offers breathtaking views of the island and the mainland. At the summit, immerse yourself in a cool and refreshing environment, surrounded by lush greenery.

Penang Hill
Credit: nazreen5447@Instagram


  • Hike or Take the Funicular Railway: Choose between hiking or taking the funicular railway to the top of Penang Hill. The hike is rewarding but requires a moderate level of fitness, while the railway provides a scenic and effortless journey.
  • Bird Watching: Penang Hill is a paradise for birdwatchers. Keep an eye out for over 100 bird species that inhabit the area, including rare deep forest birds. In fact, you can also spot some other rare animals like the Dusky Leaf Monkey, Black Giant Squirrel and Greater Racked-Tailed Drongo.

3. Khoo Kongsi – A Glimpse of Chinese Heritage:

Khoo Kongsi
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Visit Khoo Kongsi, a magnificent Chinese clan house that dates back to the 19th century. This grand complex is an excellent representation of the Chinese community’s rich heritage and architecture. It boasts a large administrative office, the Leong San Tong Clan House, an opera stage, and 62 units of terrace houses and shophouses.

Khoo Kongsi
Credit: desmondwcl @Instagram


  • Explore the Leong San Tong Clan House: Wander through the ornate halls and courtyards of Khoo Kongsi to admire its intricate wood carvings and vibrant decorations.
  • Witness Cultural Performances: If you’re lucky, you may catch traditional Chinese cultural performances within the clan house’s premises.

4. Kek Lok Si Temple – A Buddhist Marvel:

Kek Lok Si Temple
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The Kek Lok Si Temple is one of the largest and most important Buddhist temples in Southeast Asia. Its sprawling grounds house various prayer halls, pagodas, and beautiful gardens. It is situated in Air Hitam on a side of the Penang Hill and can be reached by the Rapid Penang buses 203 and 204.


  • Ascend the Pagoda: Climb the pagoda, known as the Pagoda of Ten Thousand Buddhas, for awe-inspiring views of the temple complex and the surrounding area.
  • Light a Blessing Lantern: As a symbol of good luck and blessings, lighting a lantern in the temple premises is a heartwarming experience.
  • See the Kuan Yin statue: At a majestic height of 36.5 metres, the Kuan Yin statue is sheltered by a Chinese style pavilion and is one of the main sights to see at Kek Lok Si temple.

5. Clan Jetties – Relics of Penang’s Maritime Past:

Clan Jetties
Credit:  s_dam_h_ssin@ Instagram

The Clan Jetties are a series of waterfront settlements that were once vital hubs for trade and commerce. Each jetty represents a distinct Chinese clan and offers a glimpse into the island’s maritime history. There were 9 jetties originally but 2 have since been demolished – of which, Chew Jetty is the most famous among tourists. Visitors can typically stroll along the wooden piers and see the local way of life.


  • Cultural Immersion: Interact with the local communities living on the jetties and learn about their unique way of life.
  • Photography: Capture the rustic charm of these wooden stilt houses against the backdrop of the sea.

Penang’s heritage and activities are an open invitation to immerse yourself in the island’s storied past and vibrant present. Whether you’re a history enthusiast, a culture lover, or an adventure seeker, Penang has something extraordinary to offer. Embrace the journey, and you’ll undoubtedly create lasting memories in this captivating destination.


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